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Sunday, July 29, 2012

"Firms with good HR practices increased shareholder value by more than 70% between 1997 and 2000, compared with less than 35% among firms with average or poor HR."

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Managing people is one of the most critical aspects of orgamore commonly described as human resource management (HRM) is seen as a fundamental aspect of successful management. q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q q qFirms with good HR practices increased shareholder value by more than 70% between 17 and 000, compared with less than 5% among firms with average or poor HR. (Watson Wyatt)

http//www.thehrpeople.com/ The HR People 0/10/0

enterprise, or mature business employees are crucial to achieving objectives, delivering results and being successful. The activity once known as personnel and now more commonly described as human resource management (HRM) is seen as a fundamental aspect of successful management (www.hrmguide.co.uk).

The concept of human resource management (HRM) emerged in the 180s and caused a significant change in direction from the previously used personnel management. Bratton & Gold (1; 11) defined the field of HRM as “That part of the management process that specialises in the management of people in work organisations”. According to Torrington and Hall (18) HRM is resource-centred and focuses mainly at managements needs for human resources to be provided. HRM places great emphasis on planning, monitoring and control rather than intervention between management and employees. Problem solving is undertaken with other members of management on HR issues rather than directly with employees. HRM is identified as being a management activity and is relatively distant from the workforce. HRM emphasises that employees are critical to achieving a competitive advantage, and that human resource specialists are needed to help the organisation meet efficiency and equity objectives. Therefore, HRM in theory sees the management of

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Managing people is one of the most critical aspects of organizational management in the 1st Century. No matter whether an organization is a non-profit, start-up enterprise, or mature business employees are crucial to achieving objectives, delivering results and being successful. The activity once known as personnel and now more commonly described as human resource management (HRM) is seen as a fundamental aspect of successful management.

www.hrmguide.co.uk the hrm guide 0/10/0



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Friday, July 27, 2012

Discriptive essay

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Gilgamesh Victory

“Don’t listen to Humbaba’s plea!” Enkidu yelled at Gilgamesh. With his life on the line Humbaba plead for his life. Struggling in confusion, Gilgamesh did not know what he should do. Should he kill him or set him free; however if he set him free he will continue to kill others who enter the Cedar Forest. His heart was pounding fast like a herd of horses running through the battlefield. In his head, thinking to himself, “ Should I let this poor creature go and return to his mother? Is this creature telling the truth or is he lying? Will he be my servant for life just like he said? My head is filled with many questions! What should I do?” While Gilgamesh was figuring out what to do, Enkidu broke his thoughts and yelled, “ if you set him free, he will return to his mother and you will be the one who dies.”

Gilgamesh decided to listen to his friend’s advice. Grabbing his axe, “the might of Heroism”, from the ground and the sword from his belt he slashed the giant on the leg. Cracking his leg in two Humbaba then fell and crash to the ground. Screaming and yelling in pain, the giant try to fight back but he could not because the mighty wind stopped him from moving. His axe and sword was filled with the giant’s blood. The

Ngau

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blood was dripping down from his sword and axe like rain falling from the dark clouds. The ground is red like sunshine.

Gilgamesh eyes are filled with fire and fury. He could feel the courage to fight and kill the giant. Staring at the giant’s eye to eye, he then raises his axe up high over the giant’s head. Taking a deep breath and swinging with all his might, he hit the giant’s neck as fast as a lightning’s strike. The axe cut the throat of the giant from left to right. Dropping down his axe and sword Gilgamesh’s was shock and surprise that the giant is still breathing. “ With another strike he will die”, Gilgamesh said to himself. Standing in front of the giant like a stone, Enkidu then slid along the ground like a ram making its final strike, on the wounded neck of Humbaba. Humbaba’s head snapped out of his body and roll along the ground. It stops at Gilgamesh’s bottom feet. Gilgamesh was in a trance. I could not believe what he had just done. However, he snapped back to reality and realized that he had just defeated the giant.

Gilgamesh and Enkidu have now killed the giant, who has been guarding the Cedar Forest of Lebanon. Gilgamesh has now made a name for himself. He will be remembered for what he has done to the invincible giant known as Humbaba. His name will be legend and will be passed on and talked about. The victory is now his for the taking.



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Thursday, July 26, 2012

Glastonbury festival

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OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT � GLASTONBURY FESTIVAL AND FOCUS PLASTICS

Before attempting to make any in-depth analysis of the operations management situations at Glastonbury Festival and Focus Plastics in the following assignment, it is essential to highlight a crucial contrast between the two cases. Focus Plastics is a manufacturing organisation where they produce an extended range of household items such as washing up bowls, pedal bins, baby baths, buckets and dustpans. Whereas Glastonbury Festival is a music festival offering a service of entertainment to a large number of attendants/visitors, who are increasing every time the festival is held. Comparing the two scenarios, it can be said that both, Focus Plastics and Glastonbury Festival provide a range of products and services to their consumers and visitors. Focus Plastics sell the products mentioned previously under the ‘Focus’ brand name OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT � GLASTONBURY FESTIVAL AND FOCUS PLASTICS

Before attempting to make any in-depth analysis of the operations management situations at Glastonbury Festival and Focus Plastics in the following assignment, it is essential to highlight a crucial contrast between the two cases. Focus Plastics is a manufacturing organisation where they produce an extended range of household items such as washing up bowls, pedal bins, baby baths, buckets and dustpans. Whereas Glastonbury Festival is a music festival offering a service of entertainment to a large number of attendants/visitors, who are increasing every time the festival is held. Comparing the two scenarios, it can be said that both, Focus Plastics and Glastonbury Festival provide a range of products and services to their consumers and visitors. Focus Plastics sell the products mentioned previously under the ‘Focus’ brand name through wholesale distributors and a recently new developed co-ordinated range of household plastic in the latest colours under the name of ‘concept’ has proved highly successful. Likewise, Glastonbury Festival offers a large number of events with over 1000 acts on 17 stages. Other services that have been highlighted include concerts, carnivals, comedy festivals and markets that are held in large and diverse numbers. Finally, Focus Plastics is a profit-seeking organisation, whereas Glastonbury Festival is charitable.

To compare the problems of operational management in both cases, one needs to take into account their operational environment, process design, their delivery capabilities and quality systems.

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1) Operational environments of Glastonbury Festival and Focus Plastics

It can easily be distinguised that both organisations have different operating environments where Glastonbury Festival operates on a large-scale field where the main areas on the site are considered to be the car parks, camp sites, the stages and entertainment venues, an area of market stalls and finally the ‘green field’ site, which holds a number of stalls promoting environmental and spiritual awareness. A problem for operation management that could occur due to the fact that they are based outside on the open field is rain. Even though weather checks maybe be made before hand, British weather is hardly reliable.



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Wednesday, July 25, 2012

county college spirit

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Freshers week is a very important part of coming to University, it helps you navigate your way through this difficult phase of change. It allows you to get aquainted with the members of your corridor who you will probably end up being life long friends with. It also allows you to get to know your way round campus and town even if you cant remember in the morning.

On a cultural level however it seems that something is almost programmed into everyone during freshers week, and that is the County Spirit, we arent told what it is, or where it came from, just that its there. It isnt until later on in the year

that you realise what it is, but ill talk about that later.

In freshers week, we are given free reign to express ourselves, it is a possibility that this could be seen as a period of self-exploration where we find out who we really are and what we want out of life. It allows us to sign up to societies and clubs that we perhaps have an interest in.

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Freshers week is mainly seen as an introduction to the ins and outs of the many facets of Uni life. Well, i say Uni life but what i really mean is probably more to do with the rules of many drinking games.

During Freshers week the County Songs could be heard from miles around. Ranging from the ripping of Cartmel and Lonsdale to simple Countys the best. Initially, the songs seem to have no meaning, just words to sing when your crawling round campus or town.

But soon the songs for County are almost seen as anthems. They show support and patriotism for the College and are seen as an aid to bring members together due to the fact that everyone pulls together so that we can drown out everyone else.

And this year, we are not supposed to be teaching these particular songs to the freshers - yeah right!

Cartmel. I know that im standing in the lions den when I’m talking about this particularly sensitive subject however I’ll say it anyway - COUNTY IS BETTER THAN CARTMEL. Back to the serious stuff. The rivalry between these two colleges has been around since they were built. It is probably due to the fact that they are close together and thats about it!

All colleges have a rivalry with each other especially in sport as everyone wants to win. But it doesnt seem to match the practical jokes and stunts that come between county and cartmel. The rivalry has excelled to such a level that each college

literally hates the other. They even refuse to go drinking in each others bars.

But when it really boils down to it, no-one really knows why they hate Cartmel or County as they havent done anything to personally offend them. But they were taught to hate each other by the years before them.

But everyone hates Pendle because theyve got nice rooms but the rivalry isnt as bad.

Again another large contribution to the County Spirit.

Sport is also quite a large part of County Spirit especially with the lads. It was said that FYLDE was the sporting college however this year, COUNTY has produced many a good team. Sport has helped join together not only first years that may not know each other and so making new friends, but also the many years that are part of the college. It is another way of being part of the college, the pride of being able to play for your college and the support that you get from your college. Again, all contribute to County Spirit.

To conclude, County Spirit cannot be defined as a single thing, but as an emalgamation of many. What we have found was that the spirit in county has infact got two levels. The generic level where everyone is involved and feels the same thing, such as the kitchen system. Simply being part of the County family creates a tacit bond between people even if they have only known each other a couple of weeks. This doesnt have a profound impact on people, but provides the safety and familiarisation needed to progress onto the personal level where particular parts of county, for instance their sports teams interest you.

The nd level allows you to decide what you can give the county community, whether it is sporting performance, music, or laughter. But you can also decide what county can do for you.



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Monday, July 23, 2012

Bandwidth JOBS

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Money Is Power

By David Gray a.k.a Ruff Justice

Verse 1

Money is power so I gotta have some,

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Then maybe you’ll listen to your prodigal son,

Gotta rise to the top n be number 1,

This aint fun, but its what’s gotta be done,

I want outa the chase,

Don’t wanna be the last to be safe,

From the street, wanna distance myself,

Sick of seein the inside of cells,

I never dreamed of this fate,

Never asked for this hand,

But I was delt it,

Mom said she was fine but she felt it,

Sick of hurtin my loved ones,

But what’s done is done,

Gotta look on the bright side,

Never got caught on the blind side,

Not got much but ive still got pride,

I’m still alive, that’s my prize

An Im grateful,

So young and hateful,

I was never left without a plateful,

Should I be grateful?

Dollars, pounds, euro,

Instant hero,

That’s for me, sick of bein a zero,

Music is my release from these chains I bear,

Sick of the creases on the clothes I wear,

I want cars, money, TV’s and bitches,

So far it aint funny we got no riches,

But tomorrow is another day,

Money is power so get outa my way,

Chorus

Money is power,

So we search for it every waking hour,

( Rob, Steal, Kill)

Money is Power,

When you got it great when not it turns sour

(Rob , Steal, Kill)

MONEY IS POWER!

Verse



Money is power we know only too well,

Glorious nations stand up and toll the bell,

America make enough great weapons to sell,

Gets all upset n blows them all to hell,

Blair jumps on board for minimum wage,

Tryin hard to contain mighty Americas rage,

And convince himself they’re on the same page,

That’s how most conflicts were made,

But if you have enough cash,

Then they might not blast,

Cos they’ll get there fat, greedy hands on some of your stash,

For patriots it’s hard the bastardization,

Of a once very powerful and noble nation,

Now they get up and change the station,

Just another culture our countries wastin,

Its hard to sit back and close your mouth,

When people are bein victims north to south,

People cant relax inside there own house,

Without England and America chuckin them out,

It’s in everybody’s past,

The imperialist country takin your cash,

Scotland and Ireland to name a few,

I got story’s to tell pull up a pew,

Its time for me to take my crew,

To the top and see what we can do,

Don’t be afraid or stand down,

Whoever you are rebel against the crown,

One day it’ll happen in your own town,

You’ll stand in the rubble warin a frown,

Thinking I was right,

You should stand and fight,

With your pride you gain extra height,

And be the one, who decides your own plight,



Chorus

Money is power,

So we search for it every waking hour,

(Rob, Steal, Kill)

Money is Power,

When you got it great when not it turns sour

(Rob, Steal, Kill)

IS POWER!

Written By Ruff Justice

For Ruff Justice Productions

And GANGLAND RECORDS By Ruff Justice

ive got a military mind, tarin me up inside,

fightin daily on tha streetz for every ounce of pride,

pick my homies up n then its time to slide,

cruise up on your street corner when its time to ride,

catchin cases is second nature to a thug like me,

nobody on the block was slangin drugs like me,

test my patience dawg u and your homies will see,

steppin to me is like playin wit fire,

none of your boys could equal my desire,

i could fix you up or just as easy i could retire,

but i aint got it in me to walk away,

it aint in ma nature no matter night or day,

u think anyones gotta listen to the shit that u say,

the shit your boys spray,its clear for all to see your quite obviously gay,

i respect when the street stay street,

never on there knees an never admittin defeat,

but when u claimin street n then base your life on deceit,

homie i aint the only one who can start actin discreit,

only i wont run to the cops,

i wont spread shit around the block,

i wont rest until everyone of the bodies drop,

cold in the street light,

dark in the dead of night,

its time for you to see whose gonna stand n fight,

or whose gonna run n hide,

i aint got no fear im just dead inside,

im gonna prove you a punk,

dont need the ballz wont be drunk,

i know you n your boys split at the first sign of funk,

your little fake crew will be buiried and sunk,

these are the songs that real thugz ride to,

these are the words that real thugz collide to,

so sit back n kick it to the words that are simplistic,

no gay shit n glamour no muthafuckin pimp shit,

ill hit you wit the chourus and just let you envision it.

Chorus

this is tha muzic that fake thugs cry too,

this is the real shit that true thugs ride too,

these are the words that real thugz collide to,

so do what i say and just ride out like i do!!

this is tha muzic that fake thugs cry too,

this is the real shit that true thugs ride too,

these are the words that real thugz collide to,

so do what i say and just ride out like i do!!

verse

one spark realeases an explotion of rage

I lay venomous lyrics accross the fuckin page

i see the cowardice and pain drain color from ya face,

the gangland assassins never come second in the race,

a brave heart to the core lyrics u neva heard before,

the word in the game is that my talent is raw,

the truest thug alive that any playa has saw,

investigation a little deeper still wont find a flaw,

the hardest thing in life is to keep yourself mean,

never rest on your dough always keep yo self keen,

if theres one moral i learned from the shit that ive seen,

its avoid the haiters the bitches and fiends,

the people i run with gangsters n thugz,

the ones who got through life never addicted to drugs,

never got envolved to deeply in love,

the ones you can trust when you pull on the gloves,

theyll do 15 years hour lock down,

for someone else who they watched gettin shot down,

Chorus

this is tha muzic that fake thugs cry too,

this is the real shit that true thugs ride too,

these are the words that real thugz collide to,

so do what i say and just ride out like i do!!

this is tha muzic that fake thugs cry too,

this is the real shit that true thugs ride too,

these are the words that real thugz collide to,

so do what i say and just ride out like i do!!



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Friday, July 20, 2012

Critique King's Why We crave Horror Movies

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Critique of Why We Crave Horror Movies

King stated “I think that we’re all mentally ill”. To prove this he mentioned that we all talk to ourselves when no one is around. Furthermore, we all fear some things and stay away from them, or perhaps make a scene, or at least a face when we see those things. He continued the argument by stating that it doesn’t matter if we are in a mental hospital; everyone is mentally ill in some way, shape or form. Some people just hide it better than others.

I think this point is vague. Just because someone talks to himself or herself when no one is looking doesn’t mean that they have something the matter with their head. We all fear something and to come in contact with that something is going to make someone think again.

It’s very difficult to tell whether King’s information is accurate or not because it is just his opinion. There are no facts to back it up, only what the author has gained from his prior experiences. He makes statements such as “I think we are all mentally ill.” This sentence is the basis for the rest of his thoughts and ideas. Also, his view of insanity is fairly unclear. He gives examples of things that society has clear opinions on but never gives his own view. No matter what degree of insanity a person had, King feels it needs to be exercised preferably with a horror movie. He claims that the horror movie allows people to face those alligators in a controlled situation. There is no proof that this keeps people from random acts of one’s darker side as King implies; it’s just his opinion. The real question we should ask about his writing is can we trust information presented to us by a man that thinks himself insane?

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Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Drama - Writing In Role

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Drama Unit 1 Task - Writing In Role

The door loomed up in front of me, an endless plank, taunting me to open it, to reach up and face Alice up. I envisioned her, the pain, the tears, the confusion, the expression of disgust on her face. As I thought of this, though, it suddenly hit me - I didn’t actually care. All I thought about these days was Anna, and being with her again. It was becoming obsessive. But that wasn’t the problem right now. The problem was telling Alice I was ending it with her. I think I’ll do it quickly. You know, the old; ‘I’m leaving you, you’ve got a week to get your stuff out, no, you can’t have the vase your Mum gave us, oh dear, don’t cry, please, I wish I hadn’t hurt you so much.’ Boo-hoo. In and out, 15 minutes. What’s the time? 10. I’ll be at Anna’s again by one.

Well, that didn’t quite go as planned. I kept it down to an hour, at least. She wanted to go, straight away, and while I couldn’t give a stuff with her wandering off, it’d give me time to pack her stuff at least, I didn’t want her being hit by a car. The police’d investigate me, because we’d had a row. And I might get in trouble for negligence, letting her go in that state.

I got her calmed down after a while, though, and she hopped in her car to go and stay at her mums. I said if she wanted a taxi I’d lend her some cash, but she said she wouldn’t have anything to pay me back with. Oh well. I separated out all our stuff before heading off to Anna’s, I dumped her crap at the bottom of the stairs. She can box it up tomorrow or whenever, but I told her to come when I’ll be there, ‘cause she doesn’t have a key.

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Once I got to Anna’s, I told her what had happened. She wasn’t best pleased, I think she thought more of Alice than I did. Can’t see what she thinks of her really. I mean, there’s a time when I used to go for all that huggy, wimpy stuff. But it got tiring very quickly, she won’t stop simpering up to me, it’s like I’m the only thing in her life. Maybe that’s why she was so devastated, but that’s not my problem. She’s the one with boundary issues. I made it up to Anna, anyway, gave her that ugly old vase Alice was so keen to have, told her I bought it at an antiques auction, worth a mint. Alice’s mum probably bought it from a charity shop for 50p, silly old cow. Anna was chuffed, though, she doesn’t know what she’s on about with that sort of stuff.

She’s finally cleared out her stuff. Started crying again when I said I’d given the old vase to Anna. Said it was an heirloom. Not my problem, didn’t know, did I? Probably wasn’t, anyway.

Probably just wanted to have it, she doesn’t respect other peoples feelings like that, only cares about herself. I’m not falling for it. She’s had a couple of weeks to stew over this, and I reckon she’s feeling a bit angry, angry or clingy. She either wants me back so badly she’s not going to leave, or once I’m out of sight she’ll start smashing up everything she can find. So I’m playing it safe. I’ve said, she’s got an hour to get it all done, (no I can’t lend a hand, new suit) and I’m watching her do it all, just in case. She wants a cup of tea now. Scab. I reckon there’ll be no end of her trying to pilfer money and stuff off me. I don’t care if you’ve been laid off, because your Mum doesn’t live locally and your car’s broken down, it isn’t my problem. Find a new job up there. Nothing around? You telling me there isn’t a Somerfield’s in Milton Keynes? I’m sure they’ve got a shelf stacker opening somewhere. It’s not my problem anymore.

This is taken from the first scene of a play by Patrick Marber, so if you use this, youll need to get that too, so the examiner knows where you are (supposedly) writing from.

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SWOT analysis of Tech-co

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Grant Billing, the leading man of an investment group has reached an agreement with Calgary based company Cell-loc, to reorganize and provide a capital injection. Cell-loc will transfer all current technology assets to a subsidiary company, called Techco, where all the shares will be handed to their shareholders on a share per share basis. Cell-loc will move its operations to Techco while an oil and gas company headed by Grant Billing will move into Cell-loc’s location. The Directors of Cell-loc right now will become the new Board of Directors for Techco, and it is anticipated that the senior management of Cell-loc will become a large part of the management team at Techco. The CEO of Cell-loc, Sheldon Reid, will not make the move with the rest of the board because he will join Mr. Billing on the board of the newly formed oil and gas company, Capitol Energy Resources Ltd.

The investment group will be providing $4. million to pay liabilities of Cell-loc and to recapitalize the new companies going forward. After the restructuring is approved by the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta through a Plan of Arrangement, Techco will receive a cash injection of around $.5 million. This will be after all existing trade payables related to the company’s technology business have been retired. Techco will now have a fresh start and own all of Cell-loc’s technology assets and have $.5 million to implement its business plan which is to go global.

In the business environment there is room to be an enormous contributor, but there is also the possibility of becoming a great failure. Right now it is all about the advancing technology and the advantages of making everything more efficient. This is why everything is becoming easier to use and operate. Now more and more products are becoming wireless, Cell-loc’s specialty. They have an advantage at the moment for being an innovator in their field of wireless technology. They have been highly successful with developing network-based wireless location products enabling location-based services. According to Techco’s home web page they have been a supplier and producer of electrical technology distributed to other countries as well as Cell-loc. Cell-loc does not have to go far to reach their supplier anymore now that they are part of the same company. The competition from other companies will always be on the rise because every business is trying to find ways to make their operations more cost efficient and if developing a product rather than paying for a foreign product is the way to go, so be it. This can make a company a failure by not introducing a new better product sooner. With customers over seas there will always be a number of companies whose technology are not as advanced as a company like Cell-loc so they will be looking for that extra boost and try to find the best company that can give it to them. Over the last twenty-five years the most rapid changes have occurred in technology. The technological conditions are what control this business environment.

Success factors for a business such as Cell-loc would include being able to find the demand for their services. They have done business with many overseas countries and should continue to do so. Overseas is where they have the best chances of finding new companies that are a little behind current advances in technology and in need of assistance they are willing to pay for. Being able to reach people near and far is also an important factor to success. Being able to obtain and retain customers over seas will provide a look of success that other companies shopping for services will recognize and want to get involved with. This is all part of creating a reputation with other companies that will get noticed by new companies. A reputation of being a leader and an innovator in a certain field will keep people coming back to find out what is new and where it can fit into their future plans. Pleasing the current market will lead to expansion which is exactly what Cell-loc is looking for, global market.

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To be successful there has to be room for the business to move forward and improve what it is already doing. With electronic technology getting better all the time a business must do the same to succeed. Cell-loc is moving its operations to Techco, which is currently a supplier producer. Joining a producer with another producer is a great way to get two brains operating together to expand and innovate in the proper direction that will be successful for a business in this market. Being able to grow together from what each part already knows can increase production of new and useful products providing more options a company can offer to another. Knowing what the market needs staying on top of the technological advances, and being able to provide efficient service to customers is what it takes to be successful in the wireless electronic business.

Techcos major strength comes from the support from the investment group led by Grant Billing. This group invested $4. million for Cell-Loc to carry out its reorganization. As a result, Techco emerges with no debts, no liabilities, and $.5 million left over for the sole purpose of carrying out their new business plan. (Globe Investor, September 00) Having this money, in addition to the assets provided by Cell-Loc, gives them a great advantage over their competitors, who all had to pay for factories or office buildings with the money provided by investors. Techco will be able to implement their plan right off the bat, and that gives them a huge head start.



Techco also has a strong board of directors. When Cell-Loc reorganized, not only did they give Techco their already-developed wireless location technology, Cellocate™, but they also sent their experienced board of directors to lead and manage the company. For a company to start off with that kind of experience gives them another head start. Having that kind of experience leading them puts a lot of mistakes behind them.



However, in the same vein Cell-Locs board of directors may overlook what Techco had going for them before the reorganization. Before Cell-Loc moved in, Techco was a supplier of a variety of electronics to a large number of companies. It would be a shame to waste what has made Techco successful as a smaller company. The board of directors from Cell-Loc may only be interested in seeing Cell-Locs technology grow. It would be easy for them to leave Techcos previous production aside. They will have let a good opportunity slip through their fingers. The board of directors’ bias toward Cell-Loc products presents a weakness for Techco.



Another problem is created with Techco’s acquisition of Cell-Loc technology. They are going to need some time to relearn everything Cell-Loc has learned about producing Cellocate™. This problem is partially remedied by Cell-Loc providing Techco with an experienced board of directors, but the problem still exists at the middle and entry levels of employees. Techco is not familiar with the products they will be producing, and that is a definite weakness to their company.



Techco’s strength comes from everything that Cell-Loc has left for them. This presents for them an opportunity for growth. At this point they need to make a plan that will bring them to success. They have $.5 million to spend on it, so they have a few options to choose from. This sort of opportunity doesn’t come very often, so they had better choose well. This is an important decision point that will put Techco either on the path to success, or the path to failure.



There is another opportunity for Cell-Loc arising from their reorganization. Before the agreement, Techco’s strategy was to deal with a very large number of companies on a small scale. Techco manufactured and sold miscellaneous electronics. Cell-Loc, by giving Techco all of their technology assets, has effectively created a connection with all of Techco’s customers. Assuming their customers were satisfied with their products, Techco has established trust with their customers. With Techco selling Cell-Loc’s technology, Techco’s regular customers are much more likely to buy it.



However, Cell-Loc’s reorganization does bring to light a looming threat. Cell-Loc’s strength is that they are among the first in the industry of wireless location technology. If they take too long to market their product, they make it possible for their competitors to catch up with them. Cell-Loc has been going steadily downhill for a while, frantically changing plans in hopes of boosting profits. They have even changed their CEO a couple of times. (Karleff) Their product, which was once on the very top of technological innovation, is starting to become old. There is a danger as technology advances that a competitor will come up with a better way to locate cell phones. Cell-Loc’s reorganization, although it may be a good idea financially, is just another delay to taking action. It shows more delay on Cell-Loc’s part to get their product out on the market, and very soon they may be too late.





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Friday, July 13, 2012

Frankenstein

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Morality. It has been questioned by people, honored by people and revered since the beginning of time. Yet even today not one person can say what is morally right. It is a matter of opinion. It was Dr.Victor Frankensteins opinion that it was alright to create a monster. Frankensteins creation needed a companion. Knowing that his first creation was evil should the doctor make a second? With the knowledge at hand, to Dr.Frankenstein, it is not at all morally correct to bring another monster into the world.

Looking at this probelm with his family in mind, the doctor begins his work on the second monster. The first monster threatened Frankenstein and even his family. The monster angrily said to Frankenstein, I can make you so wretched. (pg. 16) Trying to scare Frankenstein for not creating his mate the monster resorted to threats. If the good doctor does create a companion for his first creation he may be endangering others. The miserable monster whom I had created, (pg.15) says Victor upon looking back at his work. If there is another monster there will be twice the power and possibly twice the evil, which could hurt or kill his family. When and if Frankenstein commits the moral sin of creating another monster he may be rid of both monsters forever. With the companion you bestow I will quit the neighbourhood of man,(pg 14) promises the morally corrupt monster to the doctor upon the completion of his partner. When the doctor, if and when he, finished his first creations mate there is a chance that the monsters will not keep their promise and stay in Europe envoking fear into townfolk.

The good doctor, trying to act morally, destroys the monster for the good of the world. The monsters can potentially take over whatever they please. A race of devils would be propegated,(pg. 16) thinks Frankenstein to himself in his study. The monsters, if powerful enough, could possibly take over Europe. Frankenstein realizes that he can not possibly doom the world to benefit himself. Shall I, in coold blood, set loose upon the earth a daemon..(pg. 16) argues Frankenstein with his creation. It is not morally right for one person to unleash such a terror on the world to benefit only himself and his family. Frankenstein will not let any example change his mind on the point that the monster is and will always be morally corupt. Continuing on his point that the monster was too evil to duplicate, Frankenstein says, Your threats cannot move me to do an act of wickedness; but they confirm me in determination of not creating you a companion in vice.( pg. 16) Frankenstein will not sacrifice his morallity because of persuation from a monster. Although beholding the threat of death and misery Frankenstein held his ground and did not sacrifice his moral.

When and if Frankenstein creates another monster he can not feel as if he has done the morally right thing. From creating the monster Frankenstein will some how be making people other than himself unhappy. I consent to your demand, on your solem oath to quite Europe forever, and every other place in the neighbourhood of man,(pg. 14) says Frankenstein as he sees the power that the two could possibly possess. The good doctor sees that with his own hands he could possibly scar the world forever. The doctor wants, if anyone, himself to be unhappy instead of all of man kind. Begone! I do break my promise, (pg. 16) states the doctor angrily. Not thinking about himself but the world unselfishly breaks his promise to the monster. Possessing such a great mind the doctor is able to realize that a greater evil will be realesed upon the earth then upon himself. Your threats cannot move me to do an act of wickedness,(pg. 16) says the doctor as he argues his point with his creation. The doctor sees that a greater and more horrible result can come from him making the second monster than not.

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With the knowledge at hand, to Dr.Frankenstein, it is not at all morally correct to bring another monster into the world. On the one hand if the second monster was created Frankensteins family would be saved. By the same token the rest of the world could be forced to bow before two hideous monsters. The problem, making or not making the second monster, played heavily on Frankensteins mind, possibly caused his brief lapse into the realm of the insane. Even though Frankenstein began his work for the good of man his experiment ended up hurting himself and his family.



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Determinis, Biological

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According to the author of the article All in the Genes?, there is no

intrinsic causality between genetics and intelligence. The author analyses

different aspects of biological determinism, and supplies many examples, which

illustrate aspects of this problem that are being discussed since the time

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when these ideas became popular. He does not agree with biological determinist

that the intellectual performance of a person depends on genes inherited from

his parents. There are a lot of different theories about intellectual

capabilities. All these theories reflect different points of views, depending on

the period of time the authors of these theories lived.

The author argues for the theory that in the nineteenth century ,

artificial barriers in social hierarchy prevented people from achieving higher

intellectual performance. In the end of XX century, in most places these

barriers were removed by the democratic processes, and nothing artificial can

stand between the natural sorting process and social status of the people. These

changes can not be considered as historical because the age of democracy is just

two hundred years , and the time when inequality between classes and between

people was a natural situation is almost as long as the history of the world .

The author insists that there is no connection between environmental

differences and genetics. In support of his idea the author state that any

Canadian student can perform better in mathematics than some ancient professors

of mathematics. The author comes to the conclusion that changes in a cultural

environment are the main factor that determines level of intellectual

performance, not inherited combination of parents genes . He argues that

genetic differences that appear in one environment may easily disappear in

another. A theory that twins were raised in different social conditions will

have the same level of intellectual performance because identical genetics

constitution was used by the ideologist of biological determinism. The author

rejects this theory because from his point of view, all these cases cannot be

considered as always reliable on a close look, in most cases, twins were

raised by the members of the same family or in other words, not in a diametrical

opposite level of society. The author believes that there is no convincing

measure of the role of genes in influencing human behavioural variation.

During the argumentation of questions of biological determinism, the

author supports his idea with numerous examples. He gives examples of supporters

of bio determinism and outlines that these examples are not reliable. One of the

fallacies of biological determinism is the result of IQ testing. According to

some scientist only 0% of performance depend on environment and other 80%

depend on genetic variations. The author state that this is completely

fallacious because there is no connection between the variation that can be

ascribed as genetic differences and whether an IQ performance was affected by

environment and by how much. IQ measures little more than a person s ability

to take a test. Scores increase dramatically as a person is trained or

familiarised with a test. It means that an IQ level does not depend on the

intellectual abilities of parents but on the manner of studying and preparation

that can be considered as environmental changes.

For the author, there is a casual relationship between genetic and

environmental differences. He gives us an example of a fruitflies with more

bristles under the wing on the left side than on the right side. He says that

these differences are caused by random chances of cell during growth and

development and that every organism is a unique combination of genes and

environmental random chances. Another fallacy can be illustrated by the

statement provided by the author, which is built on the ideology of biological

determinism . . . if most of the variation in, say, intelligence among

individuals is a consequence of variation among their genes, then manipulating

the environment will not make much differences. The author argues that the

proportion of variation in genes is not fixed properly, but one that varies from

environment to environment. So, the author of the article provides many examples

and rejects the fact that the intelligence is only affected by genes.

. We can characterises the ideology of biological determinism as an

explanation of social, cultural and physical inadequacy among people based on

their inborn biological differences, which are passed along from parents to

children. Scientists who support the theory of biological determinism insist

that all people differ in their fundamental abilities because of some innate

differences, such as genetic constitution. This ideology of genetic inequality

states that there is a bridge between racial genetic constitution and the size

of the brain. Many scientists believe that the evaluations of peoples brain

sizes correspond to a persons intellectual ability. Samples of skulls from

around the world confirmed Western European supremacy. The scientists in

pursuit of studies such as biological determinism always failed to clarify how

typical these skulls were of their respective populations. Simple selection of

skulls easily biased results, without a scientist necessarily realising his own

subjectivity. The theory of biological determinism appeared primarily to

legitimate forms of social inadequacy and control. Such ideas were the product

of industrial revolution, as well as cultural and ideological.

Some ideologies of biological determinism assert that sophisticated

behaviour is not taught, but develops automatically. There is a difference

between mankind and animals behaviour. For example, child learns how to speak

his first words under the influence of the parents or relatives, but a child

who is raised in an isolated environment cannot communicate in a normal way. We

can conclude from this example that a child begins to speak not because of

genetic variations of his or her parents, but because of the environment he is

located in. History knows the cases when a child was raised among animals, but

his humans inherited genetic constitution did not influence his intellectual

performance.

The fact that so many oriental children do well seems to be more of a

nurture/environmental reason rather than a nature/genetic reason. Their parents

may have come from villages with little or no chance of an education. When they

migrate to the West, many, as a result of conflict such as the Vietnam war,

brought their ideologies with them. But they may not have the higher

intelligence as an innate ability, so therefore neither would their children.

This is an example to show that in some cases nature can affect the way nurture

rules your life, and it is completely controverts the ideology of biological

determinism.

Another authors example that contradicts the theory of biological

determinism is Wilsons disease, which causes suffering from inability of

detoxify to cooper, which is an example of a genetic disorder. A few centuries

ago people with such behaviour could not be considered fully functional.

However, because of achievements of modern medicine, a treatment for these

genetic disorders was found, and just by taking a pill, such a genetic disorder

can be eliminated. Today we do not accept people with genetic inability

because these people are different from us, but tomorrow they will be full

members of our society.

. From my point of view, biological determinism does not have a direct

bridge to social inequality and political control. In my opinion, intelligence

is shaped by a mixture of genes and environmental influence. The question, is

whether all people have approximately the same capacity to think and to work.

But it is not appropriate question to ask. The question should be, whether all

people are motivated by the same things? Given the cases consider, the answer is

no. This is an important distinction. Every one of us has different

surroundings which in one way or another shapes our perceptions of social

reality. Rules of the society where we live can tell each of us to act a given

way in certain situations. Our nature is our genetic endowment. It determines

our basic physical appearance our hair and eye colour, etc. It determines the

types of emotions and motivations we can experience. We have different inner

responses to different environments. However, our genes depend on the

environment to fill in the missing details. So, if we are genetically

predisposed to become agitated in a crowded setting, but we never experience

such an environment, we will not have this genetic behaviour. We cannot tell

whether that people in our society are distinct from each other because of

those unexpressed innate differences. No two people are motivated by the same

experience; thats why we are so different. There is no doubt that our

achievements in a society are predominated by our own contribution to any

business and how much effort we put to it. It requires 100 % contribution in

order to achieve the deserved result. In every layer of society we can

encounter cases when individuals are raised above the average because of the

level of their intellectual ability, but not because their parents were rich

and famous.

One historical example that contradicts the theory of biological

determinism is a the world famous scientist Albert Einstein. Jewish immigrant

from Germany, he was not rich, his parents were not professors or politicians.

Because of his significant intellectual power, he became famous all around the

world. And even after his death, his brain was taken by a scientist who tried to

figure out what was the difference between him and the rest of us. Nothing

unusual in his brain was found. This specific example contradicts the theory of

biological determinism. Einsteins innate capacities were not transmitted from

generation to generation biologically. Thus is his efforts made him famous and

acceptable through the world. Thus is his contribution to science could give him

a control and a power, if he desired it.

Yes, Einstein was in some way different from others. What can it be? If

we assume that all individuals were raised in the same environmental condition,

such as family, school and neighbourhood, than the differences between them and

others can be explained by the genetic constitution, but it still does not mean

that this genetic constitution was 100% inherited from their parents. From my

point of view, these genetic differences can be explained only by the random

combination of genes. I think it can not be explained by any logical way or by

genetic science but only as a result of play of nature . The best proof of

this idea can be that after all of successes in the field of genetic science,

there is still no any remedies that can let to produce smart children. Another

example that contradicts a theory of biological determinism, that we do not live

by our natural, instinctual, primitive way because we do not live, as primitive

animals do in nature. Civilisation is a subversion of nature. In a global

contest there is a huge amount of examples when people whose parents did not

have any money or power, achieved the higher level of power. For example

Napoleon, a son of the ordinary people, citizen of Corsica, just with the help

of his intellectual power he became the first person in the France. He did not

inherit any imperious qualities from his parents, but he manages to become an

imperator. We can say that his existence causes the death and starvation of

millions people during the wars that he had. What can be the best proof of the

power when persons desire for control decides for people to die or to live?

History knows an example where it is not innate abilities bring people

to the power and control. A monster of the 0th century came to the power that

responsible for the World War II. Anything is known about Hitlers sadistic

behaviour or harmful acts in his childhood. Hitlers hate came from the fact

that he was an outsider who did not belong anywhere, who never found a safe and

secure place in a society. The environment he lived in, the unfairness of German

society, the crisis in his family made him mad and furious This is an influence

of a society made him a bloody criminal of the 0th century. Hitlers

remarkable power as a speaker and the will to the revenge made him a very good

orator that helped him to lead the masses. Hitler and Napoleon had inner

responses in different ways to different environment. No one can assume that a

hunger for a domination and an authority came to them with their mothers blood.

Therefore, there is no bridge between biological determinism of innate

capacities and a desire of people with a power to invade and kill the innocent

population. Our genes encode only what they need to, to conserve genetic

material. The rest of the detail is left for the environment to fill in.

4. For thousands of years humans ask the question of their human nature.

They have attempted to find themselves in relation to the animal kingdom.

The quest for knowledge is universal in Frankenstein It is well-known

that the scientific revolution of 17th centuries initiated a profound

intellectual upheaval in western thought that replaced the philosophical

universe of Aristotle and the Middle Ages with the new infinitary and

mechanistic universe of Copernican astronomy and Galilean-Newtonian physics.

And this new mechanistic universe dominated western thought until the early

years of the 0th century-shaping almost all aspects of the further development

of western culture and setting the stage, for the revolutionary scientific

developments of the present century.

The scientific revolution that resulted in the new mechanistic universe

of Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton also resulted in an equally profound upheaval

in the development of western medicine. In Science and Literature in the

Nineteenth Century Mary Shelleys theme of scientific interference with the

fundamental mysteries of life makes Frankenstein the prototype of numerous works

of science fiction. She creates the typical representative of her time.

Frankenstein is a great medical scholar, exaggeration of Shelleys simple

student. A Frankenstein Effect, the suite of moral and ethical problems

encountered when man tries to improve our nature.

The monster, being a sort of matter duplication of Victor, has a

physical and psychic link with his creator. If the monster is wounded, Victor

also gets the same wound.

This transforms the story from its usual allegory of the relationship of

God and Man to one of the two sides of a single persons personality.

I do think that Frankensteins monster can be considered as a product

of theory of biological determinism. Biological determinism states that

intellectual abilities are enclosed in us by genes inherited from parents.

The main idea of Victor Frankenstein, was a creation of some kind of

machine or robot, which, like we assume, does not have any genes background and

therefore, according to the theory of biological determinism, does not have any

intellectual future. Despite this assumption, a monster begins to show the sign

of the intellect, he tries to get knowledges, and it means that something going

on with him. This something changes his intellectual structure, shifting him

from the animal state to the human being. If we follow the ideas of biological

determinism, it should be nonsense Monster does not have any intellectual

background. He does not even have parents.

But in fact, happened something opposite, according to the book, the

monster very much wants to stimulate his intellect and has a great desire for

knowledge. He eagerly listens the humans discussion and teachings and he revels

in finding some books The possession of these treasures gave me extreme

delight; I now continually studied and exercised my mind upon these histories.

Just like his creator at the beginning of the narrative, he is thirsty for

knowledge and reads everything that he can lay his hands on.

The artificial man is put in a number of situations where one would

expect a human being to react in one way and a machine or construct in another .

The monster that Frankenstein creates has all of human society against him from

the start. Wee see Shellys intentions to show that monster and his behaviour

reflect the image of our society, where humans are not very kind to each other

and not to mention how they treat somebody who is not human or looks repulsive.

The monster or the people that he tries to be friend with and who consistently

refuse his offers of friendship on the basis of his appearance. We see the

authors intentions to show comparisons between the monster and other people.

She illustrates the presence of humans characteristics that are traditionally

thought to be defining characteristics for a monster.

The monster did very human thing when he risked his own life and saved

a young girl who has fallen into a rapid river. We see than a monster has very

negative impression about a society he meets, but despite of that, he has very

good intentions to contact a human race. However, the influence of a society

makes him depressed and dissatisfied with his life situation. The feelings of

kindness and gentleness which I had entertained but a few moments before gave

place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth. Inflamed by pain, I vowed eternal

hatred and vengeance to all mankind. Having come this far, one might be

forgiven for wondering which is the most human the monster or the people

that he tries to be friend and who consistently refuse his offers of friendship

solely on the basis of his appearance. Therefore, from authors intentions and

Frankenstein motivations we can tell that the monster is a by-product of the

theory of biological determinism.



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da block is hot

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what up peeps?

In Their Eyes Were Watching God, race is an issue that is addressed by both the white and black population. The novel is written after slavery was abolished and is set in Florida. Segregation exists in this novel and there is a definite boundary between whites and blacks. The characters in this novel are either self conscious about their race or do not think of it as an important factor in their life. Janie is the latter. Throughout the novel, race serves as a derogatory force that distances Janie from the community. Throughout all of Janie’s experiences with white people, race is not a positive force. In the first chapter of the book Janie recounts her experiences with other black children who were jealous of her association with white people.

“Us lived dere havin fun till de chillun at school got to teasin me bout livin in de white folks backyard” ().

Just by her mere mixing with the Washburns, her white neighbors, Janie’s social status at school is jeopardized. Janie is alienated from the society because of her associations with members of the opposite race. In addition, Janie did not realize that she was not white when she was playing with the Washburns.

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“So when we looked at de picture and everybody got pointed out there wasn’t nobody left except a real dark little girl with long hair standing by Eleanor. Dats where Ah wuz s’posed to be, but Ah couldn’t recognize dat dark chile as me” ().

Janie had not considered her skin color to be significant, as we can learn from this quote. She had not seen the apparent differences between herself and the white people. This may be attributed to the fact that she is lighter than other black people since she is a mulatto and has white features. Later, after being tried for killing Tea Cake, she overhears white men talking.

“Aw you know dem white mens wuzn’t gointuh do nothin tuh no woman dat look lak her. She didn’t kill no white man, did she? Well, long as she don’t shoot no white man she kin kill jus as many niggers as she please.” (17).

The white men said that as a result of Janie’s white appearance she would not be harmed or found guilty by the white jury. This in effect distances Janie from the community because her former black friends found her to be guilty while the whites found her to be innocent.

Janie’s experiences with some of the black people in this novel. When Janie is talking with Ms. Turner, a black woman, Ms. Turner says to Janie

“Mis Woods, Ah have often said to mah husband, Ah don’t see how uh lady like Mis Woods can stand all them common niggers round her place all de time” (14).

Although both Janie and Ms. Turner are black, Ms. Turner sees both of them as being better than other blacks. She wanted Janie to marry her lighter-skinned brother because she didn‘t believe that Tea Cake, being a man of darker complexion, would suffice for women of their lighter complexion. Also she purposely uses the word nigger, showing a lack of respect for her own race. This negative look on her own people is surprising. Ms. Turner separates herself and Janie from the rest of the black community in addition to the white one.

Nanny also had a negative outlook on her own race, but she had reason to. As a

former slave, Nannys idea of race is influenced by her social status. During the years of

slavery, blacks didn’t any freedom, and they were treated like goods by their

white masters. Especially for the black women, because they were at the bottom of

society, their lives were that much harder. The slavery was anchored Nannys mind. As a

result, Nanny had little faith in her own race.

“So de white man throw down de load and tell de nigger man tuh pick it up. He pick it up because he have to, but he dont tote it. He hand it to his womenfolks. De nigger woman is de mule uh de world so fur as Ah can see” (14).

Nanny says the word “nigger”, as well, which has a similar effect as when Ms.. Turner said it. The image of a black man picking up after the white man infers that he is inferior to the white, as in times of slavery. Also the animal imagery of the mule, an animal that is always working and hardly gets a rest, portrays the black woman in a negative light.

In Their Eyes Were Watching God, Janie, the protagonist, consistently comes face to face with racial issues. She, for the most part, does not see race as an important factor in her life. Perhaps this is because her experiences have enriched her as a person to see beyond the color of an individual’s skin. However, race in the novel serves as a negative entity that alienates Janie from her black community. In the end, Janie feels fulfilled although she has been largely excluded.

She pulled in her horizon like a great fish-net. Pulled it in from around the waist of the world and draped it over her shoulder. So much of life in its meshes! She called in her soul to come and see “(184).

Another theme that Hurston reveals is a woman’s need to find herself. In this novel, she uses Janie to try and portray this in every facet. In fact, the female perspective is introduced immediately.

Now, women forget all those things they dont want to remember, and remember everything they dont want to forget. The dream is the truth. Then they act and do things accordingly (1).

On the very first page of Their Eyes Were Watching God, the contrast is made between men and women. Janies search for her own dreams begins as well as the “quest to find herself” theme, which outlines the whole novel.. Janie is a black woman who asserts herself beyond expectation, with a great desire that fuels her search for the love that she dreamed of as a girl. She understands the societal status that her life has handed her, yet she is determined to overcome this, and she is resentful toward anyone or anything that interferes with her quest for happiness. Again this quote comes to mind.

So de white man throw down de load and tell de nigger man tuh pick it up. He pick it up because he have to, but he dont tote it. He hand it to his womenfolks. De nigger woman is de mule uh de world so fur as Ah can see.”(14)

This excerpt establishes the existence of the inferior status of women in this society. This status is something that Janie must somehow overcome in order to achieve her dreams. However, this societal constraint does discourage Janie.

She knew now that marriage did not make love. Janies first dream was dead, so she became a woman (4).

Janie is not afraid to go up and beyond the expectations that her grandmother has set for her life, because she understands that her grandmothers narrow minded views of women as weaklings in need of male protection even at the expense of a loving relationship.

She hated her grandmother . . . .Nanny had taken the biggest thing God ever made, the horizon (Their Eyes 85-86).

Nevertheless, Janie is not afraid to follow her instincts, even when this means leaving her first husband to marry her second, without a divorce.

Janie hurried out of the front gate and turned south. Even if Joe was not there waiting for her, the change was bound to do her good (Their Eyes 1).

The gossip that spreads throughout her small town when she leaves with a younger man, after the death of her second husband, does not slow her down in the least. She even shows up to the town picnic to show it with pride Finally, she finds happiness with Tea Cake, and it means so much more, because she has decided to go through with it on her own.

Two things everybodys got to do fuh theyselves……They got tuh go tuh God, and they got to find out about livin fuh theyselves.(18) .

Through this novel, Hurston has portrayed a female character as an emergent heroine, a creator of her own destiny, and one who has mastered the journey for self-awareness. Janie Crawford is defiant; she defies men, but most importantly, she defies our own preconceived notions of what the role of an African-American woman should be in modern literature.



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barry bonds

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Who is Barry Bonds? Is he just the San Francisco Giants Leftfielder, or is he today’s legend?

His numbers suggest that he’s a legend. After all he does hold the single season home run record at 7. He’s number four on the all time home run list with 656. He’s the only member of the 500/500 club (500 home runs, 500 stolen bases.) He’s eighth on the all time slugging percentage list and holds the single season record for slugging percentage with .86%. He’s an eight time gold glove winner and also received five MVP awards. To top all that off he’s a 1 time all star. Those are legendary numbers. Even Hall of Fame numbers.

Babe Ruth, Mickey Mantle, and Hank Aaron, these men are legends. So what’s the difference between these players and Bonds? Attitude and Love for the game. A legitimate legend is a great player and a good guy. Players like Babe Ruth, Mickey Mantle and Hank Aaron were the best of their time. They are the men who built the great game we all play today. They played for the pure love of the game and were also men of character. Bonds on the other hand definatly has the numbers, but his attitude needs and adjustment.

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Men of character never make comments about the great ones like Bonds did when he said “Willies number is always the one that Ive strived for, and if it does happen, the only number I care about is Babe Ruths. Because as a left-handed hitter, I wiped him out. Thats it. And in the baseball world, Babe Ruths everything, right? I got his slugging percentage and Ill take his home runs and thats it. Dont talk about him no more.”

Wipe Ruth out.

Don’t talk about Ruth no more.



What was he thinking? Better yet who does he think he is, God? ESPN’s Adrian Wojnarowski had this to say about Bonds comments. “This is Barry being Barry, right? Brutally honest, telling the truth that nobody can handle. Only, this isnt the case. Barry Bonds doesnt get it. He never has. Never will. Because when Bonds has finally finished baseball, hell be wiped out. Theyll talk about him no more. Bonds can take Ruths slugging percentage, his home runs and it wont matter. Babe Ruth still will be the greatest baseball player ever.”

Wojnarowski is right about Bonds. “They’ll talk about him no more”. When people look back at Bonds there’s no doubt they will remember his statistics, his records and appreciate his greatness. But that’s all he’ll be remembered for.

Babe Ruth is still remembered today as the greatest to ever play the game. He played when pitchers still hit. When there were no multi million dollar contracts. When there were no performances enhancing drugs. Ruth played for the pure love of the game and that says something about him.

Let’s face it; Bonds along with other players have made us suspicious of steroid use. I think there should always be an astric next to Bonds statistics and records. Bonds in his previous twelve seasons, never hit more than 50 home runs. Then out of no where he hits 7 in 001. My question is how does a man in his late 0’s have such a rapid growth in the size of his biceps and scull. He may not be guilty of steroid use but he’s definatly a suspect in my book.

Bonds can say what he wants. He can take Babe Ruth’s slugging percentage and his home runs. But he will never be the legend that Babe Ruth is. Bonds is right, although he doesn’t believe it, Babe Ruth is everything and always will be.



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Thursday, July 12, 2012

Yes

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Worldwide familiarity with the word Orwellian is proof of that influence. Orwellian is used as a pejorative adjective, to evoke totalitarian terror, the falsification of history by state-organised lying and, more loosely, any unpleasant example of repression or manipulation. It is used as a noun, to describe an admirer and conscious follower of his work. Occasionally, it is deployed as a complimentary adjective, to mean something like displaying outspoken intellectual honesty, like Orwell. Very few other writers have garnered this double tribute of becoming both adjective and noun.

Fortunately, there is a more compelling reason why we should read Orwell in the 1st century. This is that he remains an exemplar of political writing. Both meanings of exemplar are required. He is a model of how to do it well, but he is also an example - a deliberate, self-conscious and self-critical instance - of how difficult it is.

Nineteen Eighty-Four (14), a dystopian novel setting forth his fears of an intrusively bureaucratized state of the future.

Worldwide familiarity with the word Orwellian is proof of that influence. Orwellian is used as a pejorative adjective, to evoke totalitarian terror, the falsification of history by state-organised lying and, more loosely, any unpleasant example of repression or manipulation. It is used as a noun, to describe an admirer and conscious follower of his work. Occasionally, it is deployed as a complimentary adjective, to mean something like displaying outspoken intellectual honesty, like Orwell. Very few other writers have garnered this double tribute of becoming both adjective and noun.

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Fortunately, there is a more compelling reason why we should read Orwell in the 1st century. This is that he remains an exemplar of political writing. Both meanings of exemplar are required. He is a model of how to do it well, but he is also an example - a deliberate, self-conscious and self-critical instance - of how difficult it is.

Nineteen Eighty-Four (14), a dystopian novel setting forth his fears of an intrusively bureaucratized state of the future.



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the relationship between strategy and structure

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An effective organization depend on developing a cohesive set of relations between structure, strategy, technology and environment.

The organization is the fundamental instrument for the realization of management since it has the aim to find the best way to arrange the resources and the routine, to coordinate the development of activities. It is then natural that, for the realization of certain strategies, you need certain types of structures and when you decide to change the strategic orientations or behaviours you cannot avoid to consider the necessities of related organizational changes. Often organizational deficiencies, due to luck of adaptation, compromise the results of the pursued strategic plan, so that efficient managerial strategies fail because of organizational inadequacy.

When you deal with static enterprises who function in non particularly adverse environments permeated through traditional cultures there are no problems of convergence between strategy and structure because the expectations are of a repetitive and routine behaviour. The problems begin when the enterprises aim a major growth and the introduction of innovations, to increase their power in the market, because it’s necessary to review the organisation in terms of suitable structures, able to follow the evolutions of the enterprise. A clear view of the relation between strategy and structure represents, finally, an essential requirement for the success of the developing actions of the enterprise.

I. THE FIVE TYPES OF STRUCTURE (Mintzberg)

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Strategy-making and the Simple Structure.

An organisation with a simple structure does not have an elaborate, formal arrangement of reporting relationships. Its structure and coordination/control enables the organisation to respond quickly to environmental demands. Work relationships are more fluid. There is a small, centrist management hierarchy. There are few functional specialists. People doing core operational tasks are often interchangeable. The division of labour is looser with people carrying out multiple roles. There is less role differentiation.

Coordination in the simple structure is effected largely by direct supervision. Specifically, power over all important decisions tends to be centralized in the hands of the chief executive officer.

The chief executive (CEO) has a wide span of control (finger on everything). He/she is the key decision-maker/controller and typically everyone reports to them directly and informally.

Thus it is the CEO that shapes strategy. The stereotype of this dynamic, decision-maker is the entrepreneurial, intuitive, non-analytical, risk-taker. Such CEO need not publish her strategy. It will generally reflect what they want, their interpretation of the world and there commitments. She knows her company and the business environment through and through. it is her personal vision and aspirations for the future that hold sway.

Much rests on keep tabs on all the detail. The capacity of the CEO to co-ordinate everything and make consistently correct decisions may fail.

Mintzberg H and Quinn J, 188 (rd Ed), The Strategy Process Concepts, Contexts and Cases, Prentice Hall

Strategy-making and the Machine Bureaucracy.

The MB is exemplified by the airline, a consumer products manufacturer or a hotel chain. These are large, well-oiled structures that are managed as integrated, regulated systems which make use of

· specialised, routinised methods and tasks

· formal operating procedures governed by well defined rules and regulations

· formal organisational communication systems are well-developed to ensure communication flow between operational units

· tasks which are grouped (organisation structure) on functional lines

· decision making powers are more centralised. Decentralised decision-making is governed by well-defined authorities and monitoring methods

· administrative systems are well-defined with operating departments (line) and staff sections differentiated.

Strategic managers are constantly looking for efficiencies and improvements. But energy is consumed in efforts to co-ordinate the organisation structure and to solve the unsolved conflicts.

Strategic managers need to be generalists. Those lower down are often specialist having only the authority delegated to them down the chain of command. Only those at the top can readily have the overview picture (if they have access to all the information in a form in which it can be assimilated.

Strategy-making, in the MB, is theoretically made at the top. Top managers receive relevant information from below. Strategic objectives are then communicated to operational units/departments for implementation as programmes of action. The assumptions are clear

· Strategy is made at the top and separated from operations where programmes are implemented. Decisions are communicated down for implementation at unit/operational level.

· top level decisions will be coherent enabling the whole to integrate.

· minor problems can be dealt with at operational level.

· if problems arise involving several major functions these can be sorted out by top managers at the apex.

Mintzberg on looking into actual businesses however found that these planning processes tended to operationalise strategy rather than innovate for new strategy. Planning emphasised analysis and incremental changes more than imagining and generating ideas for new radical strategy.

This is not a problem if the environment of Machine Bureaucracy is stable. If it becomes unpredictable and stormy then typically top managers become stretched and a back-log of decision-making can result.

With the formal, hierarchical organisation structure, middle managers pass the non-routine tasks (which they do not have the scope to handle) up to the apex.

Machine bureaucratic work is found, above all, in environments that are simple and stable. The work of complex environments cannot be rationalized into simple tasks, and that of dynamic environments cannot be predicted, made repetitive, and so standardized.

The machine bureaucracy is typically found in the mature organization, large enough to have the volume of operating work needed for repetition and standardization, and old enough to have been able to settle on the standards it wishes to use.





Strategy-making and the Divisionalized Form

This organization is organised as semi-autonomous units - the divisions. These may be companies in their own right owned and directed by a central parent and administrative structure - the Group Office or corporate HQ.

The divisionalized form is probably a structural derivative of a Machine Bureaucracy - an operational solution to co-ordinate and control a large conglomerate delivering

· horizontally diversified products or services

· in a straight-forward, stable environment

· where large economies of scale need not apply.

If large economies of scale were possible the costs and benefits of divisionalisation would need careful examination.

The modern, large holding company or conglomerate typically has this form. It can be also found in a federation of colleges or as a government ministry with a series of agencies.

A Product or Market Focus

A division will focus on a particular market. The division controls its own operations manufacturing, services, admin. functions to serve its customers.

The managers at the apex of the division understand their product and their customers. They make decisions for their own operations. A form of decentralisation prevails but with limited scope for decision-making particularly in respect of large scale investment decisions. The corporate managers at Group HQ appoint (delegate powers to) the top divisional managers who can themselves be centrists. They need not necessarily further decentralise decision-making down their chain of command.

Control by results

Group HQ typically decides performance objectives for the division based on an analysis of the divisions business potential strengths and weaknesses. The division after all is a company in the portfolio of the parent. Objectives will be negotiated relating to profitability, growth, market leadership and branding, large scale investment programmes, cash flows, asset utilisation and liabilities. Expectations, strategies, corporate values and behaviours become shared. so that divisional managers attend to corporate not just divisional goals.

Mintzberg points out that through standardisation of outputs (corporate management by objectives and results), divisional organisation may increasingly reflect a Machine Bureaucracy which can work well. Divisional strategy can thus become similar to the Machine Bureaucracy (strategy-making separate from the operation). An uncomplicated, stable environment means that standard performance criteria to be readily used to measure divisional results. In a volatile environment the use of such measures may promote short-termism in strategic thinking.





Strategy-making and the Professional Bureaucracy

Standardisation of skills and values is the glue that binds a Professional Bureaucracy together. The PB is typified by a collegiate of academics in a university, a practice of doctors, a partnership of solicitors and a trumpet of volunteers. The PB type may also show signs of machine bureaucracy and adhocracy (say, in its accounting systems) but for typology purposes the PB reflects standardisation with decentralisation.

The assumption is that operational activities in the PB are stable and can be forecasted.

· Behaviours of professionals are predictable.

· Their work may require great knowledge and skill

· tasks are controlled by those who perform them. They have discretion to continue

· the organisation knows that the work and its quality is under control.

The core professionals (the largest group in the organisation) are the specialists working closely with clients and largely independently from colleagues.

The training and socialisation of professionals involves are complicated.

There is a personal responsibility for continuing professional development which aims as internalising standards. These are targeted to the client. They also serve to co-ordinate the professional work.









Strategy-making and the Adhocracy

It represents smaller scale, fluid, often temporary structures. Typically a group of line managers, staff and operating experts come together in small product, customer or project-focused teams. Informal behaviour and high job specialisation are characteristic. Teams rely on liaison methods and mutual adjustment between themselves and other teams. Teams have their terms of reference (decentralisation) by more senior management and a teams scope for action and membership may run counter to the command structure of the rest of the organisation e.g. a machine bureaucracy.

Mintzberg distinguishes between two adhocracies, why they exist and how they relate to administrative and operating structures within the organisation.

· the operating adhocracy - works on behalf of its clients e.g. a creative advertising agency.

· administrative adhocracy - serves itself.

One problem is that managers in an adhocracy may spend too little time on making strategy. Adhocracy is an organising solution (decentralised form) - a response to environmental pressure. The danger is that managers of an adhocracy may be sucked into just responding to problems rather than proactive analysis and formulation of radical, corrective programmes.

An effective adhocracy needs to both

· scan the environment to determine new directions

· and keep up with the products/services needed by that environment - new and quality maintained.

Operationally managers of adhocracies may too easily become embroiled in resolving conflicts between options. They become disturbance handlers, reacting to existing problems rather than look for radical new directions. Thus decisions may be on-the-hoof (to sort out messes) or taken to progress the project or programme through stages incrementally.

Mintzberg dubs strategists in simple structure and machine bureaucracies - concept attainers and planners - respectively. Adhocratic equivalents are pattern recognisers who adopt broad guidance on corporate intent and look for a strategic pattern (opportunist) emerging from their product/customer environment.

Strategic action which does not fit the guidelines can be avoided. Potential opportunities (emergent) can be nurtured. We can even change the organisation structure, set up a new team to focus on the plot being cultivated. Strategy-makers (leaders) may change their tack based on evaluation of performance.

Potential Problems

An adhocracy might waver on decisions to long term programmes which require the commitment of resources. It must constantly respond to complex, unpredictable events from the environment. Thus rather than deciding on a general product/market investment strategy more decisions with a more operational focus tend to be made e.g. a response for customer X, adaptation of product Y or machine line .

For Mintzberg, strategy in the adhocracy arises from a flow of operational, action-centred decisions more than conscious expression by strategy-makers. He reminds us that action planning can use strategy makers into an activity trap. Fast action may stop the bleeding but it may give too little attention to the long term health of the patient - who may need to go on a diet!

Concentration on action may actually limit the organisations flexibility and ability to respond creatively to the pressures of its environment. Action may focus on known solutions which may be marginal rather than new ones



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